25 pin D-SUB female connector at the PC
every Intel/DOS/Windows based Personal Computer today has a Sub-D25
female connector which is called LPT1
Parallel port will allow the input of up to 9 bits or the output of 12
bits at any one given time. This port may be used for interfacing home
made projects since external circuitry is minimal for many simple tasks.
The port is composed of 4 control lines, 5 status lines and 8 data
lines. It’s found commonly on the back of your PC as a 25 Pin D-SUB
female connector (note, that 25 pin D-SUB male connector represent RS-232 serial port, not compatible with LPT!).
There are differnt modes of Parallel port work in modern computer. Take a look to newer ECP Parallel LPT port (IEEE-1284A) interface
for more detailed explanations. Information included in current page is
about older, but still widely accepted SPP LPT port interface. ECP
specification includes SPP as one of possible modes.
|2||D0||Data Bit 0|
|3||D1||Data Bit 1|
|4||D2||Data Bit 2|
|5||D3||Data Bit 3|
|6||D4||Data Bit 4|
|7||D5||Data Bit 5|
|8||D6||Data Bit 6|
|9||D7||Data Bit 7|
The data output of the Parallel Port is normally TTL logic levels. Most
Parallel Ports implemented in ASIC, can sink and source around 12mA.
However, there are other variations possible: Sink/Source 6mA, Source
12mA/Sink 20mA, Sink 16mA/Source 4mA, Sink/Source 12mA and others.
Centronics is an early used standard for transferring data from a host
to the printer. The majority of printers use this handshake.
______ ___________________ nStrobe \ / \______/ ______________ Busy / \ ______/ \___________ ______________________ ____ nAck \ / \_____/ ___ _______ _________________ / / Data / / / / __/ \_______/ \_________________
Data is first applied on the Parallel Port pins 2 to 7. The host then
checks to see if the printer is busy. i.e. the busy line should be low.
The program then asserts the strobe, waits a minimum of 1mS, and then
de-asserts the strobe. Data is normally read by the printer/peripheral
on the rising edge of the strobe. The printer will indicate that it is
busy processing data via the Busy line. Once the printer has accepted
data, it will acknowledge the byte by a negative pulse about 5mS on the
nAck line. Host may ignore the nAck line to save time.
Note: Connecting as a SPP interface, it’s important to initialize the
printer putting on low the Init Pin, (16 for the IEEE-1284A interface)
and also to ground the ‘Select Printer’ (17 on the same interface).
Otherwise, no matter how much data you send, the printer will not