15 pin D-SUB female connector at the computer
15 pin D-SUB male connector
video game input devices on an x86-based PCs. The game port is usually
integrated with a PC I/O or sound card, either ISA or PCI, or as an
on-board feature of some motherboards.
Game ports use DB-15 connectors, and usually double as connectors for
MIDI instruments. To use a game port with MIDI instruments, one had to
obtain an unusual cable with both DB-15 and 5-pin DIN connectors
(similar to old-style pre-PS/2 keyboard connectors known as Baby AT or
|3||X1||Joystick 1 – X|
|6||Y1||Joystick 1 – Y|
|11||X2||Joystick 2 – X|
|13||Y2||Joystick 2 – Y|
About MIDI Signals
How this document describe signals
MIDI Signals are like ASM instructions :
First a byte gives the instruction, if there is parameters, they follow the instruction byte using data bytes.
For exemple, “Note off event (Key, Velocity)” for channel 0 will be send
as “Note off event” byte, then Key data byte, then Velocity data byte:
“1000 0000 – 0kkk kkkk – 0vvv vvvv”
where kkkkkkk is the Key value and vvvvvvv is the Velocity value.
Data are always 7 bits, to allow the 0 beginning the data byte, when a
parameter need more than 7 bits, it uses 2 data bytes, again like in
ASM: LSB followed by MSB.
|Channel||Note off event||1000||Channel|
|Note on event||1001||Channel|
|Polyphonic key pressure||1010||Channel|
|Pitch wheel change||1110||Channel|
|System Exclusive||System Exclusive Header||1111 0000|
|System Common||(Undefined)||1111 0001|
|Measure Information||1111 0010|
|Song Select||1111 0011|
|Tune Request||1111 0110|
|System Exclusive||System Exclusive End of block||1111 0111|
|System Real Time||Timing Clock In Play||1111 1000|
|Measure End||1111 1001|
|Start From 1st Measure||1111 1010|
|Continue Start||1111 1011|
|Timing Clock In End||1111 1100|
|Active Sensing||1111 1110|
|System Reset||System Reset||1111 1111|
The 4 highest bits of a channel status byte is the instruction, the 4 lowest ones is the channel number.
Note off event (key, velocity)
Note on event (key, velocity)
Polyphonic key pressure (key, after-touch)
Control change (command address, command value)
Program change (program number)
Channel pressure (after-touch)
Pitch wheel change (value lsb, value msb)
These two instructions are used to send special instructions to a
MIDI device, the instruction is made of a 2 bytes header, followed by
data block(s) (as many as needed) and then finish by an end of block
System Exclusive Header + Data (Identification code) + Data block(s) + System Exclusive End of block
System Real Time
Instructions for synchronisation and rythm boxes control, send for all channels.
Timing Clock In Play
This clock is send while the system is in “play” mode.
There are 24 clock impulsions for 1 black note.
Replace the Timing Clock In Play signal at the end of every measure.
Start From 1st Measure
This signal is send when the master “play” key is pressed.
The first Timing Clock In Play must be send in the next 5ms following this signal.
This signal is send directly when the master “continue” key is pressed.
The next Timing Clock In Play must be send in the next 5ms following this signal.
Timing Clock In End
This signal is send when the master is in wait-mode and is used to lock a PLL during a pause.
no information available.
Measure Information (measure number lsb, measure number msb)
Song Select (song number)
Restart the whole system.
Channel number from 0 to 15.
Key number from 0 to 127, the central A is always number 60.
Velocity from 0 to 127 (0=Note off).
If the keyboard doesn”t have velocity, 64 is send as default.
After-touch from 0 to 127.
Address from 0 to 127.
Except for the “Pitch bender”, which is 0, there is no specification for these.
For controllers, from 0 to 127.
For switches, 0=off, 127=on (other ore ignored).
Program number from 0 to 127.
Society code from 0 to 127.
|01||000 0001||Sequential Systems|
Measure number in 14 bits.
The value is divided into 7 msb bits and 7 lsb bits to be able to send them as data blocks.